The study results showed that the prevalence of incident hypertension in women is lower than that of men. In a large prospective study, Forman and colleagues looked at various risk factors associated with the condition. They found that a healthy diet, including a high-fiber diet rich in fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, low-sodium diets, vigorous physical activity, and moderate alcohol consumption, increased the odds of developing hypertension. The authors also concluded that lifestyle modifications such as quitting smoking, quitting alcohol, and quitting smoking reduced the chances of developing the disease.
This study also found that the lifestyle risk factors of hypertension in women were more strongly associated with the development of the disease. They included age, smoking status, use of oral contraceptives, and physical fitness. As a result, the study found that the three lifestyle factors were significantly associated with the occurrence of incident hypertension in women. Although the researchers couldn’t determine the cause of incident hypertension in women, the study showed that they can significantly improve the health status of the women who were at high risk.
The authors of this study, Formann JP, Stampfer MJ, and Curhan GC, report that they have no financial relationships with pharmaceutical companies. The study results show that the low-risk lifestyle changes attributed to incident hypertension in women were significantly related to a decreased incidence of the disease. These findings suggest that these dietary and lifestyle risk factors may prevent a large percentage of the new-onset cases of hypertension in women.
According to the study, a daily mean of 30 minutes of vigorous exercise was associated with an improved risk of incident hypertension. A high score on the Diet and Lifestyle Risk Factors Applied to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet was also associated with a significantly reduced risk of incident hypertension. Furthermore, intake of folic acid 400 mg/d was associated with a high risk of developing new-onset hypertension in women. This research has major public health implications.
The researchers conducted a large prospective study that found that dietary and lifestyle changes were associated with a reduced risk of incident hypertension. The Nurses’ Health Study II includes 116,671 female nurses. Its longitudinal design allows the researchers to assess how dietary factors affect the risk of hypertension. They are not the first to suggest that a particular diet or lifestyle change causes the development of hypertension.
A prospective cohort study conducted by Formann JP, Stampfer MJ, and Curhan GC found that dietary and lifestyle factors significantly reduced the risk of incident hypertension in women. While these findings are encouraging, they also indicate that further research is necessary. In addition, dietary and lifestyle risk factors are not solely responsible for hypertension. They can reduce the risk of heart disease by eating healthier foods and reducing alcohol consumption.
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